GMO or Genetically Modified Organism based foods are a kind of chemically improved foods which are modified in their ‘organism’ in which, the characteristics of the DNA is changed in order to make them more Pathogen and Herbicides resistant with a better immunity building, using a technique called ‘genetic engineering’. This technique is introduced in the year 1994. The crops which mainly undergo this procedure are ‘cash-crops’- the crops which are cultivated mostly with an intention of selling and business. Rice, Papaya, Cotton, Soy, corn, Potato, Pea, Tomato, Canola etc. crops come at the top of the list. Though the scientists have claimed these GMO foods to be safe, there is a doubt among the buyers regarding its quality.
Let’s Have a Look on the Process of Producing GMO Foods:
Atlarge, more than one desired genes are added to a particular species. Though less common, but the number of genes are kept same in some cases but their effectiveness is increased or decreased. According to a report of United State Department of Agriculture, till 2013, approximately 17,000 fields have been given for ‘genetic engineering’.
Some of the Genetically Modified Foods:
TheGenetically Modified foods are muchfaster growing, more immune and profitable than the naturally grown up ones. Nowadays, almost every type of crops is under Genetic Modification.
- Corn:Corn is the kind of serial which is the most Genetically Modified of its series. Corns are more likely to be affected with insects while growing in fields. With the GMO technology, the corns are modified with insect-resistant gene so that the farmers don’t face any further need to spray insecticides in the field.
- Tomatoes: Tomato was the first of the vegetables to hit the American Marketplace. But, in Tomatoes, not much genes are infused. The main focus remains on expanding their longevity so that they can be exported to further places.
- Potatoes: Potatoes are modified scientifically to prevent crop-diseases like Phytophthora Infestans. As potato is in the daily food-chart of a massive portion of the globe, using this technique has brought about a sea-change in the global food market.
- Papaya:Just like Potato, Papaya is also Genetically Modified with higher immunity system against insects.
- Edible Oils:The use of oils in our daily food habit, be a main-course or snacks, be at the North Horizon or the Right, is beyond question. Oils are mainly modified to improve the test.
- Honey: Can you imagine a bee sucking nectar from some artificially harvested advanced medicated floriculture? You believe it or not, this is exactly how GMO honey is collected.
- Tobacco:Not only foods and for business, GMO technology sometimes takes care of public health too. The example is tobacco. While using GMO technology in tobacco, it lowers the amount of nicotine content while providing the same flavour.
Are GMO Foods Safe for Health?
Whether GMO foods are safe to use or not, still comes with an ambiguous answer. Scientific researches are emerging in this field. Some people point out that the scientifically modified food are more likely to be allergic. But, this is not a true claim every time. Natural foods can be allergic as well. But the difference is, as the genes infused in a particular food are known, if any of those turns to be allergic, it is quite an easy task to eliminate it.
Another concern is that some of the GMO foods are made with antibiotic-resistant properties which when transmitted into human bodies through those foods can cause a long-term negative effect on our health. But, not to worry, FAO and WHO expert panel (2000) has set limit on using antibiotic-resistant properties on food.